What is organic Farming?
Organic farming is a type of sustainable agriculture. It has the goal of farming without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming is also different from traditional methods in that it encourages biodiversity, rotating crops, and uses no genetically modified organisms. A brief introduction to the benefits, types, methods, advantages, and disadvantages of organic/eco/biological farming is detailed below.
This industry has been overgrown in recent years, as consumers are becoming more aware of the effects of pesticides on their health and the environment. Not only human organic food production can also be better for animals and wildlife.
Benefits of Organic Farming
It offers many benefits to society. It has been shown to positively affect soil quality and biodiversity, Human health is also affected. It’s found all over the world. They are trendy in Europe and North America. In these regions, organic food is more popular than conventional food.
However, it may not be suitable for all climates or locations because it requires more labor-intensive technology than other farming types, such as crop rotation and natural pest control mechanisms like companion planting or insect traps.
Types of Organic Farming
There are various types, which include –
Organic crop farming: This type of farming has grown fruits, vegetables, coffee, tea, cotton, and more by following organic principles.
Organic livestock: In this method includes raising cows, pigs, chickens, buffalos, and other animals without using any artificial chemicals or genetically modified organisms in order to produce meat and dairy products.
Organic aquaculture: This farming involves raising fish or shrimp in an environment. this does not include any artificial chemicals or genetically modified organisms.
Advantages of Organic Farming
Organic foods are free of dangerous pesticides and antibiotics. Recycles animal wastes back into the farm. Environment-friendly organic products are more nutritional, tasty, and good for health.
- Promotes sustainable development.
- Healthy and tasty food.
- Inexpensive process.
- It uses organic inputs.
- Generates income through exports.
- Source of employment.
- It is more labor-intensive.
- Hence, it generates more employment.
Disadvantages of Organic Farming
- Less output.
- Higher price.
- The lack of awareness.
- Organic products generally demand a higher price due to higher demand.
- They have a shorter life span due to the absence of artificial preservatives.
They rarely subsidized farming methods.
Rigorous certification process.
Methods of organic farming
The principal methods of It include crop rotation, green manures and compost, and biological pest control.
Crop Rotation –
Green Manure and compost –
Mixing green plants with the soil enriches organic matter and nitrogen in particular. It also improves soil quality. Its moisture levels and nutrients improve for microorganisms. The described method of agriculture also reduces weed infestation.
Biological pest control
There are many ways biological pest control can be used in an environment. One way is to introduce the predators of the pests into the atmosphere. For example, ladybugs eat aphids which are a type of pest that people find on plants. Another way to use biological pest control is by introducing parasitic wasps into an environment because they lay their eggs inside of other insects which causes them to die and prevents them from breeding.
Organic farming gives more nutritious and safe food. It is popular for growing organic foods. that is thought to have become healthier and safer. Perhaps ensures food safety from farm to plate. This process is more eco-friendly than conventional farming. Our government should increase awareness of biological farming.